La insoportable levedad de la justicia climática en el AR6 del IPCC

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24201/fi.v64i3.3072

Palabras clave:

justicia climática, justicia distributiva, justicia global, justicia retributiva, justicia procesal

Resumen

El Sexto Informe de Evaluación (AR6, por sus siglas en inglés) del Grupo Intergubernamental de Expertos sobre el Cambio Climático (IPCC, por sus siglas en inglés) redefine conceptos clave para comprender el riesgo climático, la adaptación, la transformación resiliente o la vulnerabilidad. Estos informes integran ahora también principios de justicia climática procesal y distributiva, y el reconocimiento del conocimiento local e indígena. El alcance de los principios de justicia climática se analiza desde una perspectiva normativa e institucional para identificar los desafíos que supone comprender la formulación de políticas climáticas desde una perspectiva de justicia. El argumento es que, cuando la justicia climática no define postulados con contenido específico ni describe mecanismos de implementación, entonces no tiene consecuencias institucionales, en políticas o para la evaluación. Algunas limitaciones significativas son la ausencia de principios de justicia más allá de su enunciación, la falta de una concepción retributiva y un alcance que no considera consecuencias de justicia global y limita su impacto a las obligaciones nacionales. Se discuten criterios generales para definir el contenido de principios comunes de justicia.

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Publicado

07/01/2024