Actores del “sector medio desconocido”. La gobernanza global entre bastidores


  • Thomas G. Weiss The City University of New York
  • Rorden Wilkinson University of New South Wales


Palabras clave:

gobernanza global, Naciones Unidas, organizaciones no gubernamentales (ONG), empresas transnacionales (ETN), redes


Este artículo trata de los muy numerosos individuos que hacen posible la gobernanza global. Indaga el papel de intermediarios ocultos, por lo general alejados de la mirada académica: profesionales, equipos de servicio y otros que actúan entre bastidores. No están en la cima de las organizaciones públicas y privadas (donde imperan “gobernantes [es decir, líderes] globales”; global governors en la bibliografía especializada), pero ayudan a mantener firme la pirámide. Realizan el trabajo político, operativo y de apoyo para impulsar las instituciones de gobernanza en todos los planos, del local al mundial. Estos elementos, en gran medida invisibles y olvidados en los escritos académicos y políticos, hacen posible la gobernanza global. Las aportaciones de los intermediarios ocultos, o “sector medio desconocido”, no se circunscriben al ámbito de las entidades intergubernamentales, porque la gobernanza global contemporánea no es sinónimo de organización internacional, sino que atañe más bien a la coordinación de autoridades públicas, que pueden o no incluir secretarías o estados.


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