Regímenes políticos y medios de comunicación. Hacia una reconsideración de la dicotomía entre los modelos autoritario y liberal.

Maira Teresa Vaca-Baqueiro


Los lazos entre los regímenes políticos característicos y los sistemas de medios son innegables. Tal como consignaron antaño Siebert, Peterson y Schramm (Four theories of the press, Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 1956, p. 1), “la prensa siempre asume la forma y los matices de las estructuras sociales y políticas dentro de las cuales opera”. El mundo actual y la política son completamente distintos del Mundo bipolar que inspiró Four theories of the press. Y, aun así, los estudios sobre sistemas de medios se aferran todavía a las premisas más sobresalientes de esta obra. Mediante la discusión acerca de su influjo normativo de dilatada duración, este artículo busca arrojar luz sobre las frecuentes discrepancias entre las democracias y las formas distintivas y el funcionamiento de los medios. Al mismo tiempo, en el trabajo se propone un marco analítico alternativo que albergue el estudio de las relaciones entre el Estado y los medios: el complejo político-mediático.

Palabras clave

relación político-mediática; complejo político-mediático; sistemas de medios; comunicación política; institucionalismo

Texto completo:



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